Thus, he appears to take for granted that which many Protestants have the hardest time grasping and accepting. Finally, Kreeft’s argument wrongly assumes that the Bible was produced by the Roman Catholic church. It was a main rallying cry of the original Protestant Reformers and remains so … Am I now seeking the favor of men, or of God? Daniel had a collection of “the books” of Moses and the prophets right down to his contemporary Jeremiah (Dan. First, as Catholic scholars themselves recognize, it is not necessary that the Bible explicitly and formally teach sola Scriptura in order for this doctrine to be true. Kreeft’s claim that the rejection of the Roman Catholic view on infallible tradition leads to the scandal of denominationalism does not follow for many reasons. If a Lutheran (Missouri Synod) pastor started asserting that the Eucharist and baptism were purely symbolic, he would be in big trouble, since confessional, orthodox Lutheranism holds to the Real Presence—consubstantiation—and baptismal regeneration. So, however authoritative the apostles were by their office, only their inscripturated words are inspired and infallible (2 Tim. Third, Kreeft’s argument wrongly assumes that there was apostolic succession (see Part Four, next issue). Jon Braun. Third, an allegiance to sola Scriptura for Luther meant that he firmly stood on the supreme authority of Scripture. Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will depart from the faith by giving heed to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons … If you put these instructions before the brethren, you will be a good minister of Christ Jesus, nourished on the words of the faith and of the good doctrine which you have followed. They comprise the New Testament. It is true that the New Testament speaks of following the “traditions” (=teachings) of the apostles, whether oral or written. Luke 10:7); second, it is inconsistent to argue that God-breathed writings in the Old Testament are sufficient, but the inspired writings of the New Testament are not. You can buy that book here to read all 100! Sola Scriptura: First Century Christians Had Scripture and Living Apostles. Throughout the book of Acts we see Peter and Paul exercising apostolic authority and preaching—not merely handing out Bibles or mouthing (Old Testament) Scripture. There are many more that we didn’t point out. This does not necessarily mean that everything the apostles ever taught is in the New Testament, any more than everything Jesus said is there (cf. Sola Scriptura: Rejection of Tradition Does Not Necessitate Scandal. The rule of faith of the Roman Catholic Church, therefore, is rightly Scripture and Tradition together. "There are 30,000 denominations that use sola Scriptura. Now there is a certain irony in taking apart Sola Scriptura via the scriptures but you have to stay within a certain framework when dialoging with others. It should be noted that all Christian groups have some traditions, whether or not they acknowledge it. I just couldn’t resist reposting this article by Father John Whiteford, who happens to be an Eastern Orthodox priest. It even has a fancy Latin name "sola scriptura." You are a hindrance to me; for you are not on the side of God, but of men” (cf. The prolific Catholic apologist Dave Armstrong has a new book out 100 Biblical Arguments Against Sola Scriptura which was published by Catholic Answers. Train yourself in godliness. As we have said before, so now I say again, If anyone is preaching to you a gospel contrary to that which you received, let him be accursed. 3:15-16; 1 Tim. Roman Catholics admit that the New Testament is the only infallible record of apostolic teaching we have from the first century. This preached gospel stood forever as truth before it was ever encapsulated in the Bible. It begs the question, however, for Roman Catholics to claim that this supports their belief that the church of Rome still has infallible authority outside the Bible today. Indeed, even the prophet himself was not to add to the revelation God gave him. There is a direct parallel with the religious traditions of Judaism that grew up around (and obscured, even negated) the Scriptures and the Christian traditions that have grown up around (and obscured, even negated) the Scriptures since the first century. This revelation was often first communicated orally before it was finally committed to writing (e.g., 2 Thess. See to it that no one makes a prey of you by philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental spirits of the universe, and not according to Christ. Jesus used this phrase three times when appealing to Scripture as the final authority in His dispute with Satan (Matt. When Jesus rebuked the Jewish leaders it was not because they did not follow the traditions but because they did not “understand the Scriptures” (Matt. Of course, Jesus (Matt. Were Paul not assuming that, he would have been commanding his followers to adhere to a mistaken doctrine. Sola Scriptura might be thought of as the methodological doctrine of the Reformation, for Protestantism is said to be founded on Scripture Alone (as opposed to religious tradition), and its primary doctrinal teaching is Sola Fide– that salvation is by faith alone (apart from works). Sola Scriptura: The Bible Does Not State a Preference for Oral Tradition. This fact negates the value of the alleged infallible teaching Magisterium of the Roman Catholic church. Typical Arguments that Catholics & Orthodox use to trash Sola Scriptura are refuted. Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you keep away from any brother who is living in idleness and not in accord with the tradition that you received from us. 15:3, 6). 22:29). If a Baptist pastor or theologian adopted a belief in infant baptism, he would be told that he doesn’t see the clear evidence of Scripture for an adult, believer’s baptism, and would probably soon be out of a job—and so on. But that is not what oral tradition gives. That’s why Catholic Answers has published the book 100 Biblical Arguments Against Sola Scriptura by well-known apologist Dave Armstrong. “Not in the Bible” does NOT mean “anti-biblical”. While acknowledging the existence of apostolic tradition, J. D. N. Kelly concluded that “admittedly there is no evidence for beliefs or practices current in the period which were not vouched for in the books later known as the New Testament.” Indeed, many early fathers, including Athanasius, Cyril of Jerusalem, Chrysostom, and Augustine, believed that the Bible was the only infallible basis for all Christian doctrine.12 Further, if the New Testament is the only infallible record of apostolic teaching, then every other record from the first century is fallible. Of course, none of these are a prohibition on future revelations. Indeed, John closed the last words of the Bible with the same exhortation, declaring: “I warn everyone who hears the prophetic words in this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, and if anyone takes away from the words in this prophetic book, God will take away his share in the tree of life…” (Rev. This being the case, Kreeft’s argument that the cause must be equal to its effect (or greater) fails. Sola Scriptura: The Principle of Causality Is Not Violated. Second, early New Testament believers did not need further revelation through the apostles in written form for one very simple reason: they still had the living apostles to teach them. For prophets were not infallible in everything they said, but only when giving God’s revelation to which they were not to add or from which they were not to subtract a word. For I would have you know, brethren, that the gospel which was preached by me is not man’s gospel. Paul assumed that his passed-down tradition was binding and therefore infallible. 100 Biblical Arguments Against Sola Scriptura by Dave Armstrong No belief is more central to Protestantism than sola Scriptura, which says the Bible is the only infallible, authoritative source of Christian faith and practice. It was a foundational doctrinal principle of the Protestant Reformation held by the Reformers, who taught that authentication of Scripture is governed by the discernible excellence of the text as well as the personal witness of the Holy Spirit to the heart of each man. A Christian Perspective, Bespoke Religiosity and the Rise of the Nones: a review of Strange Rites: New Religions for a Godless World by Tara Isabella Burton. Jesus and New Testament writers used the phrase “It is written” (cf. These two “solas” are known, respectively, as the formal and material causes of the Reformation. As for all the claims the Catholic church makes regarding their argument that "Sola Scriptura… A Look at Virtue Signaling. I just can’t believe it anymore.’ I could not get her past that one issue. To claim that the apostles did not write down all God’s revelation to them is to claim that they were not obedient to their prophetic commission not to subtract a word from what God revealed to them. 2:20). Andrew. This is because they were living authorities set up by Christ (Matt. I commend you because you remember me in everything and maintain the traditions even as I have delivered them to you. Nov 19. Further, Jesus and the apostles constantly appealed to the Bible as the final court of appeal. Tradition is an inevitable reality for all Christians. First, it is not necessary to claim that these oral teachings were inspired or infallible, only that they were authoritative. Further, even if it is granted that tradition is necessary, the Catholic inference that it has to be infallible tradition — indeed, the infallible tradition of the church of Rome — is unfounded. It even has a fancy Latin name — “sola scriptura.” It’s time for Catholics to stop being beaten up with the Fundamentalists’ favorite question. originally posted 06-06-96 on James White's Sola Scriptura mailing list. 11:2) and “stand fast in them” (2 Thess. 13:3; Mark 4:2, 33; 6:34; Luke 11:53; 24:15–16, 25–27; John 16:12; 20:30; 21:25; Acts 1:2–3). But I wonder if it could be made into a deductive argument… Moses certainly gave definitive interpretation of doctrine, as did the priesthood in Israel. Sola Scriptura could hardly be stated more emphatically. John 10:35). Thus, there is a limit to how far a Calvinist can go in interpreting Scripture, and that limit is set by Calvinist tradition. 4:4, 7, 10). The only way to know for sure what God expects of us is to stay true to what we know He has revealed—the Bible. Paperback, 9781933919591, 1933919590 Solomon reaffirmed this in Proverbs, saying, “Every word of God is tested….Add nothing to his words, lest he reprove you, and you be exposed as a deceiver” (Prov. What is more, Jesus made it clear that the Bible was in a class of its own, exalted above all tradition. But they do apply to the point of difference between Protestants and Catholics, namely, whether there are any authoritative normative revelations outside those revealed to apostles and prophets and inscripturated in the Bible. However, there is a whole set of practical presuppositions that the doctrine of sola scriptura makes, every one of which provides not just an argument against the doctrine, but a fatal blow to it. 1:7). 100 Biblical Arguments Against Sola Scriptura by Dave Armstrong. 2 Tim. For even they admit that no new revelation is being given today, as it was in apostolic times. That is, all doctrines essential for salvation and living according to the will of God are sufficiently clear. Now on to the 10 arguments against Sola scriptura: When Paul spoke of receiving and delivering such traditions, he gave no indication that they were fallible or that he questioned any of them because they came through oral transmission rather than the written word. It is absurd to presume that because a particular oral or Church tradition is not explicitly taught in the Bible it is false, and that the apostles intended for all Christian teaching after their deaths to be located in the written word of the Bible alone. Sola scriptura is a theological doctrine held by some Protestant Christian denominations that the Christian scriptures are the sole infallible source of authority for Christian faith and practice. We are going to use the definition given by Wikipedia. This powerful new book contains just that — Biblical arguments. Catholics understand the difference between authoritative and infallible, since they make the same distinction with regard to noninfallible statements made by the Pope and infallible ex cathedra (“from the seat” of Peter) ones. When Catholic apologists claim there is significantly more doctrinal agreement among Catholics than Protestants, they must mean between orthodox Catholics and all Protestants (orthodox and unorthodox) — which, of course, is not a fair comparison. Kreeft’s argument that the first generation of Christians did not have the New Testament, only the church to teach them, overlooks several basic facts. While the scriptures' meaning is mediated through many kinds of subordinate authority, such as the ordinary teaching offices of a denominated church, the ecumenical creeds, the councils of the catholic church, … Second, as orthodox Catholics know well, the scandal of liberalism is as great inside the Catholic church as it is outside of it. 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