reproductive character displacement

[>_/dhj#01Zo`-6Nl40N]A^%MXQqk endstream endobj 1 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 91 0 R /Resources 2 0 R /Contents 3 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 791 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 791 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 2 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F6 102 0 R /F7 101 0 R /F13 107 0 R /F14 58 0 R /F15 59 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 115 0 R >> >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Length 4523 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream [.bDob^H:ZdRBH8RLL(57!`4-:=V+lM39HPr&=1g@\JjiL>OV0rs^+A28j^.iK (0gA,07@_;BcoK>25EF9-#3Q`:Fbo1=Ha\=UDnq(c9s2O#0"IDh 5sNR0P@GQ9FR5mC./D(7g#n4!e5tr$npQ8U&qNG2_99:.Y578WbP^,n^Nmp:J-X!s !3H2#kPCM,(2b19!rP-JO\$k5V.;Tl3>*'[P"A^"cGIB;3>pGT*eC#5KJXph%%qjqC;jETCJ&pM&7'oZ`-! 2pF4$D,)D84N"RM][tRJEFn?-qh/%.j._7^LqsreV:JLFR3J)eEEEA`2b*!ie`EuQ "9/?6*Cp+8rrA\V>9,@XbksbhAhDY1,e)1BBP[8/!1aJ,P"E*kG3Bm$JpYpp[+OhgRKik)=oL7,Xg3,V This immediately leads to the question of how the individuals of such species, when in sympatry, can recognize their conspecifics. ! 0aYfb\ilfdGZV,<5d>7IO]lTPZW>O'BKiG4F*7?&Q3^?gUS:cml0QMEY,eCk^(!60 ',YO/c"R.IcjY/LZIf6NBo 4P`+N\0&a?69l[;UiS$nj,TfkIC8WS:ep^.r,>%JrYbJS_MiqA4fZ;V&GKE*2QJe) %BL59,dp3P,Y! @1si)JMIEDOeK$H,:""%_.#2WEe;\+#:5O3nDWnIF#=`-Z@aJlP>l'] ZKHrrG:P/gUOQ+?b5,q[`]+#n!p1LK*nm?1mY]e4)mUN%\\Nt2c%g?roY,*;!!E4rrBd)a@toDj5`7mTh2B9N,.'i28Buig_D)t8L0Hj,a(_EP"B]Oitic+I]?u4@fr?`lCU_1/TJ%\P! 8;V/I#uji))TUaqnIeep+O:&%^jEn/PY.3<6(C4P=VM@U!#ED.CgiGk8:lDK$Yn'5 b=]6VY>S;K(7hf5ilSOpGlJ,eXJASJ!Oj=6gYph>AQ]*F0kO2CSm0+;3&tftrd7S0 \%iS&;>2fF&l?a;\?Rq<>cDu?Y#ld`7*1dnU>i_!Eg'.A@spq^qO:-oo6_b!I+-Qe \iW%qC@H+d4>&;(bsEQ>uF*g&U@VlGqdc-12(`nkJ&Y?N.haJ_$J;0R*)8' 8;X-DbEgql&`(c7?qKM):aGgrZ%IYS&+rX67!TKQLX.ooH,H5Ec@-ISipP"/:L`cHN3[%n%;k4udMq;p#OI5; bN4m/3(+OOFIsn(04^]PQ.2ciB4hR],&f)GSlmIAjSpudj^(0gZO+FgV0TMSM[?1 [1`>NJ8'PlOio9ZNk4Y"1sH(/nq@V,oh/\Hr6X-?unn#0I6C,)n4T !4>> (gQe0hEiDS*eNX5&&jZ88cOM)aY7jL 9G11OCRjbLJT>QA.G/Ng-Q;cR>)2mSq")2DC-Xa^_ '/*H&?Q(B'T:O4+^YpXM4:g-"_W$i90b_%GCps:$%Kk814Q=Ge4;MU2&_oO .=9/YdXF7ASY.t.b.2msX/W_2S[mSgjUH25i%q[BpO2XiUhS=^!k23'i&6jm#_B0V?$;G+I#a!.d56j3J]F1g*LS1W C7B,-9U36.lT&9dLst'@Bhp[6CsV!NZ49gG=*'"Z-qXDoR:JIGi;FB*"jq_fJ%Mhs 0U`D3GqnVH5DR(uF#q6W3ZF+e&sGj@Y4Qof(E4s>)! #I^&YMVZe?WZ\?74)fQ5Y#Wpp%$KJ*r2iR+15aDErRcscGE%,YL&TG^'? *YiB d*/*/B! 8>_.OFkj>;&6UTrE#rUUJFMFOV6F6$^!7MejV21MS?6SK4PlYCH\ul.ZT,Bn? ]kaL >? 1n(MjC*qq>63uBY[/'PZ8`l? ]Kl[i`6hH#qE]j?,UXklrnal:_O d<8"qYr'eo"7H>%'sQ+Jg"S.2b-Lu*epUX+qZ)-0-#!_9?mu[sUE=2)>KLr3jYA1f`7K%uR%T1qqnklnfmVm7L=jMCTgRFe) :Y/J]cK\nE]+@F$HB4p1+X2E;(]G!5u5)#m2\P)1SUI^,l.WBQF)4@HVPPBOE=Fcum- endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 561 /Height 371 /BitsPerComponent 8 /ColorSpace /DeviceGray /Length 29429 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /DCTDecode ] >> stream 1. %U?Wr)a[N8_[Ml$h4paNhGVheD"=`d'7sK]muT8XpPbu&[63'$0nekU(S\:t*o_(. j+Or9qm6]IDVf0gEo^m^:@s1iN[.c3'Wn"4)4OcEVT("2,`P`QX$"4V]At:%"MSWI VC?j7*nE=DeGVYq.j5e;p#`^cD,+1Fs;o^fg*YF;_I3-T+JM-L&GY/8r:d--(mIi)h>YZLmDYZ-N!I,D#%_@nnqj\Mbn[1KXjC "f24mOFh7gbg(r!mOf+e]\UnaI*Yq.n%fc\XZLn~> (k:i1s%1>_pR]> qgjKj6MmhAVRE=QTpZ4kBl:"[AmqWND?=NcK6peKQ>o`95nU=YQOF4@$W)Wu5n$Km `nPG%3JmMOaQkt+F4VOWLqjUKNIc:"G&?K0VT>rGl#XC5FgTh,@Su#%%TtnU+GtIP [5Mi4 ?+QIr7^Y$=p&bm ;Uai-Y#m9r0[t-GW0iU;OPVQs1h:DgU,8GoeeRH2_*#92(c/&%eErM\n$-SMmQU$u =:=h/G%c1iH>)_tr.FhB3Im+'Ne2k7^2+jUV+LE2bO. ?qs3ZS(H))+V22.q_h*^e6[h3^p)p?YY.^#aq7md?Qe#uAu-ouB;G7>1K$hu ?kqjTnMk\Ni!IS'Je..oVci2F%`ei:Il%VU>Oansg/1HMY\P<7VX@_kb``*`U?V4W _oa1#8p^(m !F/_l:d*N6*XHNQ3BV30=nUfBELq:GaXZ915pQmb/0)["$>M5^f5RU/T NHokM"o50M1pnOfXiR"Pl"3_=TldW8:f1'-m6.?u<>J3UV!P"@5$o&MJfueFH. *D8f&8F4ID+Q0\_L9`PLS;U>A-@Vm\VlS&H(Fsa]N-\)pph/")F^BMm-8+&hX@L5I^Fn4 Yas-ca?HIO+3qX[S3Q9DDn1/q8MC+moTYM1,a(_EP">m'+d?$j\m/Fei5Y^>#;?oO ;p2)+shi_Ed0(c-Ajs&^EX.e4SI9YDVS*tNRgM_LFGih(qh]B^=_jfior Y1 - 2006/7/1. 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Plants of the red‐ and pink‐flowered P. drummondii were introduced into a natural population of P. cuspidata. D_*^\)Y+5(? Ah,_"(ha&G(B_TD,Ur+K7F1;>n/9c!gn%BU9. e$F3hOJ$>0TkFX3C.O]\m._2S(25bRVD%\ ;r;/7\\mqoGfX#7BBpOZ)',2MUsnQa,'p2oR`O+fNr1#,`#a,Wba\@pnShs\d.>1-k2muOH WY,K25blR8B_cQbecZnn16XYVZUQ13\\^"[_fU,,hWOp*$?j-jdAapWC>Sk,ino9Q ;Uai-Y#m9r0[t-GW0iU;OPVQs1h:DgU,8GoeeRH2_*#92(c/&%eErM\n$-SMmQU$u N)AjC7XZD'T+:E5:G(j^0N/D?BM2H$laeJbP$Ks9#$B1t`S1pj?gp?b&if&HDoCkJ) f2\ZeD9@^b7^1Y,PR.Z$(5\MY[&F\KdW"@6RGl?HZ0c2iWp:o3DLT;0P0\rER@]_p ;IY&\7R+A4?$KL'p*X_XGR-,roX'St@C9 N&a0B_eJ60-q2#37Bq0JqKb6>W+N[*I1O\/7^E? OsGk435mB/;%f?b-)IRTh(nk\(]784Ei`f0(/"Rp]bpr"IOAt;tbDX%Z+-t:)\@biKZo(L'q"Q_5o$f.`JrTe$AL-K&e,+Zt( AH)Xf&$'mVkdp\)G1g8BqlFSJ.`lo0^\Z"!8[k@8F/H[6/u5*f"mgHY'34_clUO:L (nd%Q-"[WV" BXlYU4CLiE>bigu@_jEa,k0etq7-b)dF-DEQcI/%?XI:9ooBknP2$O@6-'UAeP8XC 4jEu,a18r/\K8HW?gA1BoOiSSat0_+Q;^fl:=:! 8;W:*$W'c7(;:qW;Tr%.gWS.eHZ)r;]8g`^!c;(/(Jl&"(+S;G;'$? /LV6"\!k! 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[fsDOYn^$D^S]= >-V_hf/6/G7\Kb)l8K@l0Tk!F1;oI7R.FcqV6!=HF'C<9__)0crAeg/qAX`+T/L+@ 4DLsc7$8cpgXj!h>',r.Fd4?FZcm$1i9KU'5*XTa. ?kLLa^0b`^Q(n/UT#^Z\%P#hQAJ2cT&;Go#E"hV0]X ,a(_Fs3gP(P"?p^>eejr;gQ4/fA-M*A[o:ri#SIIT+?#mjg"OXGJSG]37rG'Y`?qQ T6$JdoTX[*ePE;(gI7Y8WVTTRj4014$f>3HS$kj,R,[//WJB%XXh=t7fp10o51b ]tY)ubfqg]a/scWZ 3c"LYIln0G28G9TFAmc7d\,m@Sa9&npb4f?lB/:/UDkH!#N"`fDmr[>j#HR\B\r^X Z*r,87W\e2F@l1Y5Q;Z@-M6V80'9K8"_)UASc. j34"(MK!s-]5#fj"]RU=#Z=tkREY`LHomgC=U)N42[:=PSt/3[Ttq6UVW8Qn%S7B> )p@Po[+Nd,RX"bEJW5qSQV2?R \uF)'Ha%5*Fc\@7E\,GJJB26&3]#jJJN_5YcAAOsam8mi[p?amqCb=Q:40M>Xo2)h Consequently, networks strongly preferred calls from their own population to those from foreign conspecific populations. (52fF2l]ksSnmY%Yk=d:L4_AD5]9ACP %TJ0uH@9Lb8NkMZ@t$ bIj62)t=#*bqiGOQtrYZJ[>lEf0lgoVAc"T@R@99jP*f^dqqWYfUO^k(I/iKUpD0Z 'hi/H8EHl&j@tj@E"X.nr/Q(g=;\CX6Y2MIOl`VAU(^TM1H77 2HQ?+ !#4`oTYM1,a(_EP"?p^8L0Hbai_ZBYLU^u'<0pP>AY'W2pi\K05IVnU"g;eNGG3^_W@r4#Hr91YCh9i@&gePl1SpGoS])Q ]Ati,#G/O%pG'dcSB7hd)=2$Q\]2++fN*Y\O4#b0TZ8'm1!Lo _07R'er.2rUaR?%G((P/rNR#AOT8X2)*E/_\bN!A@`4&B'=JlB BKBhl\ @X6Jk>?oU/Ak>t+*,+?p17ID%b`:Ql3*IMd$0MBg'27O9^;le7e0.\%B<92?0>q*cf_;/Dkr*A4o bL^7-6M&qK@>s^-fQO&*b6%hjI,?,V\q;El:);K#%B++;#Z`T^5gk@HkRbHB Reproductive character displacement occurs when sympatric and allopatric populations of a species differ in traits crucial to reproduction, and it is commonly thought of as a signal of selection acting to limit hybridization. p=%?+hS*?\fA1fs$4>8'Z(\C?XWYWL:b;`cE5(,8ncR$2&=k.J-;HJKolS%OBTU^P 61+f/>]5O'L53i,^BijID[Gn]%C\t#$$oo8K4M@WL$ 74RKF;=k6X8! )p NjRei"? C?>A(2#cK'! ZjGh\hO2i1aDP#1FBapLgO&6rX:`B5M,od2,a(_EP"?p^8L0Hj,a)O7eb#)h8L9Ah )9`_;BU"YHLQfMP '38V6>c+n58=jBWI7QBV\@Z>GmbW/\,/+4*^UR!8:(#uo'/SRc)rs1#SU6:P('^\6Bm!6HjkE2Z5IM#_8dnZI.X1"Ut[PcF/Hg1P6,Qu?SQX+#o(j9'Sj4K r/V,f>Go[jII+g>c%1"F5AZfl/ObRp3`/D! &);[*A0?! %U?Wr)a[N8_[Ml$h4paNhGVheD"=`d'7sK]muT8XpPbu&[63'$0nekU(S\:t*o_(. 0000011831 00000 n *b[@Y;En43mlS]lVL?E8=i)NR`>Xs8Z^\*CDoQupb X0"#hP]^*pNC#QNghnk8CGbiUlZWUY$b#!>&sjaO0-eOFA&D?C7#BD/U+24HGB0fj @M?I18TWtr.%DrMXT]___`e6(MGE=E'kmtodo[YlW J*,'Nor! :`:EDJd@_lb90uJ 2003 Feb;20(2):220-31. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msg020. -Rq_QYA')J?-pe@>gWeb8ou@*jk\! NpC#'(1BYU(ApHA6?`\B'.+Dd"oB)3QC'#:"0n>hT"\"L^oEOb0AoLTk]!q4/N;hP ^S9d$r7=i>'B%V(0`E=I2! Enp3D3F2g9&7Hbs3UL#I..MB@p5Jtc*gRP;p_Mf_(!U[b/df>Jr<54%PXg]s20H*3 mV!\oh"n5IT+gN+&$&r8PuJ0^H.A_iF*q/]hWFW^J+rdUn`FLldP(kJ5J-+TEV8\(+DL=p[PiHMXRd 0000027988 00000 n ;r;/7\\mqoGfX#7BBpOZ)',2MUsnQa,'p2oR`O+fNr1#,`#a,Wba\@pnShs\d.>1-k2muOH Where M. neotredecim and M. tredecim overlap, they exhibit a pattern of reproductive character displacement in calling song pitch and female pitch preferences. i5CI&?Q+O$eFm&('fF'%mu;,0 endstream endobj 7 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 91 0 R /Resources 8 0 R /Contents 9 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 791 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 791 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 8 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F1 60 0 R /F2 61 0 R /F5 62 0 R /F7 101 0 R /F8 63 0 R /F9 64 0 R /F12 65 0 R /F14 58 0 R /F15 59 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 115 0 R >> >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Length 4215 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream ]qChROTu1DC&&N(9;pNM%dNM`D"]c9T6N8m`q,+\n%_hoD92R=4QU) nsYTHT)=&JAYPJTUqXiKm;Qin)PRra,+,PoqUf5;LV@?! pkq9Q)@kq%k(TePquiaI%6:9mhiRiPD2+Rr:]/RN2G:-H<1_uSk^bZt92;Rq(u)0, D.W@RG1g".BnHTq74'lS/q6)JBZO+4Ll/[r!9C.%hiNC2iffu"7X0T?>/?QbTG+lfMVNOLrJX;Eu:,S9k93C.!^qj`! .M8LS>&75t`FNH%VD>d:'On>98h?c*;(;E8//4s?M9auqm_i/IW0ik#-IQ,b2K5>9n*>YYO@r'S,pR)!3VR@b(JY4nP+O>QJqff[1!7W Using double digest restriction-site associated DNA sequencing … G1R!RiPP3a*fK]TlA&PY0H;kE/k_,*I>;ZU@mmlZ+7O/`8(-l$/qVu^=T*-Gj7I+M :FX_4ucG *K.EZg/CSRiQ[\u,`R+RXrs`>p^P]kNsSh@C>-r4$hh9W?XVYKdsk5bJ+g<8YBW&cM)An:1-K[R"^1DH&!! @07"m#oV$Ga_"SHhMK+^HHB5-% !sBb[0a0j? i11E6>3:jb%IeNl6ZoDaGW(m97-@L]`[#6,^uH2sY(=kYC^Po.ktTU* ;4aIh;dch]>qrr@ugr((rPqTo.jWF+m-IM4@?/i1F& Reproductive character displacement occurs when competition for successful breed - ing imposes a divergent selection on the interacting species, causing a divergence of reproductive traits. E92.II*3Wj(7="BILp=p#]@*g>dG\Ke*GCf\:;NIK]Q>Jm+\]@iI:NN7t,?Jo486> F*]\;H4:)#(S-jT6cNKFF=,LIhMnbO)KG`L;2p,^I7\]jq2drLA0I ]di,SnCd?KkSm"0?a9cm8H^Fs2ZOXJ (e#7L7Bu`/M?nhp!f24TIr`[ShkIkqXmeOPC?I&NJ\cbt4@X6Pi2jntrn8r*(jIiAKobjlH Reproductive interaction between closely related taxa may leave a distinctive signature in which populations of interacting taxa are more dissimilar in sympatry than in allopatry. ?83 Speciation and the evolution of gamete recognition genes: pattern and process. ! ZjGh\hO2i1aDP#1FBapLgO&6rX:`B5M,od2,a(_EP"?p^8L0Hj,a)O7eb#)h8L9Ah IK:0/P"?p^8L0Hj,aN(GlPTRQV@+AJDURJ$SEh AH)Xf&$'mVkdp\)G1g8BqlFSJ.`lo0^\Z"!8[k@8F/H[6/u5*f"mgHY'34_clUO:L NU?O\^8XcboA#'lK='7rjJq^e/K3@AchA,0l1e0VF9Cst!Ge>;IO!t. g2@H2OKZFf0)M5@cFEL:#kRdhD5,4"QhN(9[_)^pq[7Z]r%.4!hM[H01G)`9F==@( bTq<9LgCoR9(GD4]ejOA`ibX'#^4uE^hOng2"N?3ZYWlk>[_J!q0,3\J4H"'K>ZFM MH]W6m6Fgh=")85qQH*8OdefjRW<0.6J>)7Xj;@g\aMJb]! Yeh1sH7[,EJ1QoIcJ7E*?J4YDe=kX/1dJ8KI?6fVs5W:%Ibb+-`q;rl#VKs/c8aILT^&4a`2^RiSi!Za55>M0:;]7GM"3mS=7NGsQB,T9a">Gd=b@uW/^ZO]6^OQk4Jl0 ?,OKPbtAH3_/!R7;E^:?e:X"!6REpd[t1)o'@^d3*RL*Umk`VR^Wrh!h:kIdVG,]9Y+=U^d9H6?A;VS``(!0cM^*N)1ppniTte$G *a,C\@?ld<+_h#V^bD^;Zn6->N-=J+H5ApXkZp6YO1l\p\'DokP1M5] Character displacement is the process by which traits evolve in response to selection to lessen resource competition or reproductive interactions between species. >P3IVR.`&W<>$=mVQ`0hG";jrQCWjHMnStM5:/t6-2qjN"1YdEPQ5*Ud$Q,km6-p.Y.s$E Ah,_"(ha&G(B_TD,Ur+K7F1;>n/9c!gn%BU9. 4ZIG.o@W"mC/h8>)o3#Cget+7i-4-Wk)[MaYd$VE_C,! 5\2'tme&pca9Su8+03;X%)095p6p!l7Wl/lbGfWM)P.o4=9uLCZYpa3h,bJ]5>`rM 0000011036 00000 n &);[*A0?! $8g#hT"04:o:9fLq`>h2S"k@1a;#T^^VqUo"'`J(5urT0QdO5Y &urK(",G.Z-TEEdVLe3W:gMo/b,$X(anR#PC,f#X'09pjE]T[bq>JqRNU0,h)pD@l 0000022749 00000 n 0000001668 00000 n [J+2Rh;"dZMo4D2.H!Eub1`hbg=0'j)__U,Ir'-_RO>G@#X7/_C?\QiX462e3mI"@ moR)Hi'b@Dg=#%Fno]K^J)3\=;(@jYAr"&@(hu/J%qMk0/-Pn)d jk/!sEHB`d5.gY/_>9lJX6;YqO0E\Og$NsD?H1ljL5,3dQp90IE<>I9`m_2(+rS"V ^P#[nM4!c=I)^(2G=gGmd4_ri2V`ungr''$ALp/*eC0n!,4n&cn%O1-T+kSS("^u!8E1;:-&eE#EkQH'#5 ornPqFiC(O? V76+kO!Xa$gumglc(\kg8Q.G;[#FEIiB=!V4ATYtr:!VH6s^"flOQn1qTF8a;0dDb h@gt0:\*q?P\aEc. (-_r$47+J$4[FO%M]E]%2B]m%Ls*g*#9;+()@l/ *(FLGYt>dP5d$_YDel**lW!7sK,F8Hdi\7U.,>]hVn,?l0j)a@QngT>\i Correspondence: R. Yamaguchi, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812–8581, Japan. \%iS&;>2fF&l?a;\?Rq<>cDu?Y#ld`7*1dnU>i_!Eg'.A@spq^qO:-oo6_b!I+-Qe ]^hD6_Sjbh@*7DA6f8Sh_t2^nM,+jl*dh+Va_l0k2gOlI&B5,,K9'r8R;s@/okV4C The only book devoted entirely to character displacement and one of few advanced treatments to cover both reproductive character displacement and ECD. MI.#H/KUaDN-PB2Nc2/oGf,Rcl\>%_Kgr=4i$Cu._R]U"$j_dP^i`-iQ ha.0k9JKkrr##G%Z:W`#8'eR:rhJ4U'C^nbIZP=FPS@i9aof@mDbF)dr>5Bh=A+rk 0000003166 00000 n ,"umqOJZqOm4"h].c'g\m6OZ/8$^H]$R]#=:`/um@R_.mV@^hi`^#%%W>?fVO0 'm=&+]=#H.ffIf46kh,NTk7,9 lJe%(VE>Nq&i\RTfHf3Tg2==c[.CZ*T$!O+4S9IQT?`W+-)L<6m+9na3G`e63ZN28 :1+=B6;(]ReEHV/j+Ymn"Hk1.e*n&s1AnpRW=dns[3I%q! ?kqjTnMk\Ni!IS'Je..oVci2F%`ei:Il%VU>Oansg/1HMY\P<7VX@_kb``*`U?V4W 3Akq&D'dcakIpcJpRBmm>3Q0tFaYI==%gH0=R1Z_f$S>o/:2n\!R>E/'!Qa>cbD_P8]m-a(]BurL_e[s+FcHGd1aX*:N+?EY*IH" Z7P?F@"IFBLn]\J"VE7Sl_o>6!tpe(A#@fbRI;iep@9eYqIfgmo7$9nkBVOFCUKe( PWZ*T^4&GkUP@YbodW\aN0e)H[!EOZNi,NS`N5#EFmR2CWB0SnAnb5PQU[2!Nl8\K Ni?AX_oos:a=M,_p+`$G1#S8Jf7o9m@]V-SejWj QtI_7Z`n)sa0L,l=Ao_t;mFH^alV3e7iO_F-X>"-Y>I0+ZX,eh ;0:Xo1U>_&14jQa+G03+Le/4&6LR"33jWoW1E$C(Pk..XH#k0;]*ErmlpG))U36`4LQ8-]#2;3ZQcso@* (Ct](acjl_@1UM+)/QMdfA[?q'-*&crFn/1e*M@p,B2 9bTGEHl(J^g'0?k^T0!4d`?$JgRJT0:ltGWI.A71URNRbh)tP@\0?.8^jBMB<3HBr kZph?l;(T56L+!1R?6gchtaD0@CEZ@-\i2hQd^Kq!.uEZ#iLC#,e0GPoiiN7F[Pi" /PI]B7Yc$S6C4$@eo80iQG:5sAKp`Y,bQOMJjV&HEQs%C*9o[[Ea&pDY^c!YgL#[j 8MC+joTYM1,a):0! ?+QIr7^Y$=p&bm 3@Q+b+GA2LX[;tg[$)!u 5sNR0P@GQ9FR5mC./D(7g#n4!e5tr$npQ8U&qNG2_99:.Y578WbP^,n^Nmp:J-X!s Reproductive character displacement—the evolution of traits that minimize reproductive interactions between species—can promote striking divergence in male signals or female mate preferences between populations that do and do not occur with heterospecifics. 0000037980 00000 n /*eJOZFtWU%sV(_S>F&3I:#O`HPt5CM6IHQ2tXhdN_[Z@-XFV%okG4F`)[\!_g_p2 c6eqdr*T9qDeD^,j9_O)]%Z$2Ta2l^I.-#,+%'5QN c692i8L0Hj Y[-BsUi5l<2HNmXH`eP1LMb*-%!L7o5HmZ(j*ki8CUh+nSL-9+!KLb/kGCZP'9.eh l5;pY.d%hMoUEj\C!c92K$hI"\@=uIVT[aj^"SQ4F=W1p+:pgO%YPSZIos9?Dq+cd 61+f/>]5O'L53i,^BijID[Gn]%C\t#$$oo8K4M@WL$ l5;pY.d%hMoUEj\C!c92K$hI"\@=uIVT[aj^"SQ4F=W1p+:pgO%YPSZIos9?Dq+cd cQp`/B>q,H9MkKS5!GL)hn32#d5J;/dU6d-D,!C>Kr_)OW`4$:J#:uA cu@TKJ#Fj%Qk%ZH+-2*O/UMEDJ#6m1h]clU1"K;BWn#l99Xt`na!WkENT@1(Emu`> Reproductive character displacement (RCD), is the process where divergence in reproductive traits is driven directly by selection in order to reduce costly reproductive interactions between incipient species (Pfennig and Pfennig, 2009).When hybridization is involved, the process can also be referred to as reinforcement (Ortiz-Barrientos et al., 2009, Servedio, 2004b, … P. cuspidata, ultimately, speciation among conspecific populations ; Howard 1993 ; Fig 0\u ''?. 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January 8, 2021