Concrete is pretty tough. So it’s not too surprising that these monuments have survived even if the government that built them fell apart in the early ’90s. Originally, each site displayed the “confidence and strength of the Socialist Republic” but since the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the sites have become overgrown with shrubs and ripe with new meanings. Also, graffiti.
The photographs are the work of Belgian photographer Jan Kempenaers, for a series Spomenik: The End of History and went on display in late 2007 at BAM, Flemish institute for visual, audiovisual and media art. I’ve included a small gallery below. Lebbeus Woods recently used a few of these monuments, along with some others to lay out a few thoughts about authority.